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The Olympic Games高一英语课程
She is widely seen as proof that good looks can last for ever. But, at nearly 500 years of age, time is catching up with the Mona Lisa.
The health of the famous picture, painted by Leonardo Da Vinci in 1505, is getting worse by the year, according to the Louvre Museum where it is housed.
The thin, wooden panel on which the Mona Lisa is painted in oil has changed shape since experts checked it two years ago, the museum said. Visitors have noticed changes but repairing the worlds most famous painting is not easy. Experts are not sure about the materials the Italian artist used and their current chemical state.
Nearly 6 million people go to see the Mona Lisa every year, many attracted by the mystery of her smile. It is very interesting that when youre not looking at her, she seems to be smiling, and then you look at her and she stops, said Professor Margaret Livingstone of Harvard University. Its because direct vision is excellent at picking up detail, but less suited to looking at shadows. Da Vinci painted the smile in shadows.
However, the actual history of the Mona Lisa is just as mysterious as the smile. Da Vinci himself loved it so much that he always carried it with him, until it was eventually sold to Frances King Francis I in 1519.
In 1911, the painting was stolen from the Louvre by a former employee, who took it out of the museum
hidden under his coat. He said he panned to return it to Italy. The painting was sent back to France two years later.
During World War II, French hid the painting in small towns to keep it out of the hands of German forces.
Like many old ladies, the Mona Lisa has some interesting stories to tell.
11. What does the writer mean by time is catching up with the Mona Lisa?
A. The painting woman is not so beautiful any more.
B. Ageing is something that affects us all.
C. The painting needs repairing.
D. At such an old age, she is no longer popular.
12.. What makes the repair work difficult?
A. The wooden panel is thin and old.
B. No one knows exactly what materials were used to create the painting and how it might respond to treatment. C. The health of the painting is suffering.
D. Experts cant agree on how to carry out repairs.
13. What makes her so mysterious according to Professor Livingston?
A. The materials the Italian artist used. B. The way she smiles.
C. The way Da Vinci painted the smile. D. It plays a trick upon the human eyes
Habits, whether good or bad, are gradually formed. When a person does a certain thing again, he is driven by some unseen force to do the same thing repeatedly, then a habit is formed. once a habit is formed, it is difficult, and sometimes impossible, to get rid of. It is therefore very important that we should pay great attention to the formation of habits. Children often form bad habits, some of which remain with them as long as they live. Older persons also form bad habits lasting as long as they live, and sometimes become ruined by them.
There are other habits which, when formed in early life, are of great help. Many successful men say that much of their success has something to do with certain habits in early life, such as early rising, honesty and so on.
Among the habits which children should not form are laziness, lying, stealing and so on. These are all easily formed habits. Unfortunately older persons often form habits which could have been avoided.
We should keep away from all these bad habits, and try to form such habits as will be good for ourselves and others.
14. ________ are formed little by little.